Difference between revisions of "Tutorials Linux opt on loopback"

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(Modified Start/Stop Script)
Line 179: Line 179:
PuffTheMagic - Initial process
PuffTheMagic - Initial process
NetWhiz      - USB Drive/Media Sync Warning
1lnxraider  - Expanded and modified tutorial, is working on fixing caveats
1lnxraider  - Expanded and modified tutorial
ultraBlack  - Found and helped confirm caveat that disables Media Sync and USB modes
NetWhiz      - Gave warning that this process disables USB Drive/Media Sync

Revision as of 01:57, 5 August 2009


Background & Purpose

The Palm Pre's 8GB HD is configured with three partitions:

1) /dev/mmcblk0p1 defined as a Linux/PA-RISC boot partition is only 4MB
2) /dev/mmcblk0p2 defined as a Linux partition and is 32MB mounted as /boot
3) /dev/mmcblk0p3 defined as a Linux LVM partition is 7.62GB

The /dev/mmcblk0p3 partition is a Linux Volume Group that is sliced into six Logical Volumes:

/dev/store/root mounted on / (root) 456 MB
/dev/store/var mounted on /var 256MB
/dev/store/update mounts on /var/lib/update 56MB (not mounted)
/dev/store/log/ mounted on /var/log 40MB
/dev/store/media mounted /media/internal 6.69GB
/dev/store/swap linux swap 128MB

It has been observed that if /var or / (root) usage is greater than or equal to 90% than the FAILED_NOT_ENOUGH_INSTALL_SPACE error is generated. "Builtin" applications reside on the root filesystem in /usr/palm/applications. Downloaded apps and those installed with palm-install reside on the /var filesystem in /var/usr/palm/applications. Also for rooted Pre's the opt-ware linux-based apps are stored in /var/opt.

One fix for a rooted Pre is to create a virtual linux filesystem using a portion of the space allocated to /media/internal using a procedure similar to this one:

Linux Online - Using a file instead of a partition

Then mount the virtual filesystem on /opt vs binding /var/opt to /opt. Then relocating the files/directories under /var/opt to the new virtual filesystem.

NOTE: The /dev/store/update is mounted when you run the Update process. It would seem that the updates are stored here (at least some of them) prior to installation.


You must be root to perform this process. It is assumed that you followed the procedure to install opt-ware apps in /var/opt and linked /var/opt to /opt with the "mount -o bind /var/opt /opt" command and there is an equivalent entry in the /etc/fstab file.


Creating Linux Virtual Filesystem

Do NOT do this if you want to connect your Pre to your computer in USB Drive or MediaSync mode.

The following commands will move all your optware to an ext3 1GB loopback image that resides on /media/internal. <source lang="bash">

  1. Create a directory on the USB drive portion to hold the virtual filesystem

mkdir /media/internal/vfs

  1. Create a 1GB file (adjust size (bs*count) as needed, the minimum size should be 256MB)

dd if=/dev/zero of=/media/internal/vfs/optware.img bs=1024 count=1024k

  1. Create linux ext3 filesystem

mkfs.ext3 -F /media/internal/vfs/optware.img

  1. Create a temporary mount point

mkdir /tmp/opt

  1. Mount newly created virtual filesystem

mount -o loop /media/internal/vfs/optware.img /tmp/opt

  1. Populate new virtual filesystem.
  2. Must be in the source directory.

cd /opt tar cvf - . | (cd /tmp/opt; tar xf -) cd /

  1. Unmount virtual filesystem

umount /tmp/opt

  1. Unbind /var/opt from /opt

umount /opt

  1. If no errors, mount virtual filesystem on /opt
  2. otherwise skip

mount -o loop /media/internal/vfs/optware.img /opt/

  1. Add the following line to /etc/fstab to automount (without the #).
  2. /media/internal/vfs/optware.img /opt/ ext3 loop,noatime 1 2
  3. Comment out the /var/opt entry, should be similar to next line
  4. /var/opt /opt bind defaults,bind 0 0
  5. reboot your phone, if error noted when attempting to unmount /opt


  1. If no errors noted with the opt-ware apps,
  2. remove files/directories from /var/opt

rm -r /var/opt </source>

Start/Stop Script

A work in progress. Needs to be bullet-proofed. Ideally should be wrapped around a WebOS GUI app. This script is a work-a-round to allow using the Palm Pre's USB Drive and Media Sync modes.

<source lang="bash">

  1. !/bin/sh
  2. List of Optware applications to start/stop
  3. in conjunction with mounting/unmounting VFS
  4. Edit to suit environment

APPS="optware-openssh optware-dropbear"

  1. An entry in /etc/fstab must exist filename

FSVFS=`/bin/grep "/opt" /etc/fstab|grep loop` if [ "$FSVFS" != "" ] then

# Complete FileName of VFS to mount/unmount
LVFSFN=`echo $FSVFS|/usr/bin/awk '{print $1}'`
# VFS Mount Point
LVFSMP=`echo $FSVFS|/usr/bin/awk '{print $2}'`
# VFS Filesystem Type
LVFSTP=`echo $FSVFS|/usr/bin/awk '{print $3}'`


echo "**** No /etc/fstab entry"
exit 1


  1. Determine if VFS is mounted

VFSMTD=`/bin/df|/bin/grep "$LVFSMP"|/bin/grep "^/dev/loop"` if [ "$VFSMTD" != "" ] then

LVFSDV=`echo $VFSMTD|/usr/bin/awk '{print $1}'`


case $1 in

 "on" )
       if [ -e "$LVFSFN" -a -d "$LVFSMP" -a "$VFSMTD" = "" ]
        echo '**** Mounting Linux VFS'
        /bin/mount "$LVFSFN"
        echo '**** Starting Applications'
        for x in $APPS
           if [ -f /etc/event.d/"$x" ]
           /sbin/initctl start "$x"
        echo '**** Linux VFS Enabled'
        echo '**** Error mounting VFS'
        exit 1
 "off" )
       if [ "$VFSMTD" != "" -a "$LVFSDV" != "" ]
        echo '**** Stopping Applications'
        for x in $APPS
           if [ -f /etc/event.d/"$x" ]
           /sbin/initctl stop "$x"
        echo '**** Unmounting Linux VFS'
        /bin/umount "$LVFSMP"
        /sbin/losetup -d $LVFSDV
        echo '**** Linux VFS Disabled'
        echo '**** Error unmounting VFS'
        exit 1
 * )
       echo "Usage: `/usr/bin/basename $0` on|off"

esac </source>


Currently this procedure will disable USB Drive and Media Sync modes.

To Do's

Create a method to safely unmount Virtual FileSystem when selecting USB Drive and Media Sync modes (under development).


PuffTheMagic - Initial process
1lnxraider   - Expanded and modified tutorial, is working on fixing caveats
ultraBlack   - Found and helped confirm caveat that disables Media Sync and USB modes
NetWhiz      - Gave warning that this process disables USB Drive/Media Sync